This is often seen in high traffic areas and is seen as pressed down carpet from the application of weight.
This is a synthetic fiber that is found in most carpets. Nylon is excellent in exterior retention, fade and heat resistance, soil and stain resistance, and coloration.
The surface of carpeting made from cut or uncut loops of fiber.
Also known as the nap, pile height is the length of strand of yarn.
This is a synthetically made material. It is used for its resistance against fade and stains. It also commonly used for its bulkiness and color precision. It is overall not as good as nylon, but does make an excellent second candidate.
Another common synthetic material used in carpet manufacturing, sometimes referred to as olefin. Polypropylene is more often used in commercial carpeting because it is not as strong and is more susceptible to abrasion than nylon. It is naturally stain and fade resistant.
This carpet is plush to the touch and has a luxurious feel. In the makings of this style, each yarn was created using a uniform twist and finish.
This is an alteration in carpet appearance due to wear and carpet distortion. Shading is not a physical alteration in appearance, but is the way the light source refracts off the top of the carpet.
Shedding is a natural part of a new carpet and is when small pieced of carpet seem to come off the floor. After a few days of frequent vacuuming, this should remove all the loose fibers and should not be a problem.
It is made up of short strands of fiber that are wound together to create strands of yarn. This style has more of a shedding inclination as opposed to continuous filament fiber.
Man-made using chemical compounds rather than natural materials.
This is a common cut pile carpet that has alternating coils of yarn often creating a toned look.
Carpet yarns are twisted around one another to create textural and performance features. These two even go hand and hand as generally, the higher the twist the better the performance.
Yarn dyeing, also known as pre-dyeing, is when color is applied to the yarn before tufting. All yarn dyeing methods result in great uniformity.